First written between 2004 and 2005. Updated 2012.

Copyright © Gary Osborn 2005. All Rights Reserved.

Next, and significant to my initial research into the Paris Meridian and the Glass Pyramid, is the fact that on display in the Louvre is a set of four paintings, The Four Seasons by French artist Nicolas Poussin, (b. 1594). Again, like Mitterand, Poussin was also a Jesuit and apparently these were his last paintings before he died in 1665.

Whilst doing research into the architecture of the Glass Pyramid, I had first heard – and from what I thought was a reliable source – that these four paintings had once been placed, one on each of four walls in a square-shaped gallery that existed beneath the Glass Pyramid and that President Mitterand had actually requested this. See here:

I thought this intriguing, because I already knew that a connection existed between the Great Pyramid of Giza and the Earth's axis which is inclined at 23.5 degrees. Indeed I discovered that the Earth's obliquity angle appears to have been encoded within the angle geometry of the Great Pyramid with other geodetic information related to the great Pyramid's location on the Earth.

It seemed that this story that Poussin's paintings of The Four Seasons had been placed on display beneath the Glass Pyramid, seemed to be alluding to the connection I knew existed between the Earth's axis and the Great Pyramid, which again, contains geophysical information about the Earth and the obliquity of it's axis.

To me the story seemed to be a deliberate reference to the tilted Earth's axis, because the seasons are a result of the Earth being tilted at 23.5 degrees. If the Earth was upright, there wouldn't be any seasons; no extreme hot Summers and no deathly Winters.
According to astrophysicists, at certain latitudes the Earth would enjoy a continuous and temperate Springtime climate; a virtual 'Garden of Eden' paradise.

In any case, knowing the layout of the Louvre, I thought the reality of this story unlikely, and when I actually visited the Louvre to perhaps substantiate something of this rumour my thoughts were confirmed, as I discovered nothing of the sort.

Instead, beneath the Glass Pyramid is a huge entrance lobby, which merely leads to the art galleries.

In fact, these four paintings are displayed, each on one of four diagonal walls in a peculiar octagonal (eight-sided) room named Room 16.

Room 16 east
Four seasons Louvre room 16
Room 16 louvresat

Richelieu Wing

I. M. Pei: “Mitterand was very aware of the importance of the Richelieu Wing, because without it, the Louvre is just a long L-shaped building instead of a U-shaped building. Soon after he became president in 1981, Mitterand commissioned a competition for a new building for the Ministry of Finance in Paris. That gave him justification to move the agency to a new location, and therefore enabled us to claim that space. Without it, I would not have been able to do the project. I probably would not have accepted the commission – I could not have done anything for the museum”.

‘Pei determined the new entrance would, therefore, have to be located in the centre. Occupying the centre of gravity, this object would maintain and encourage a more harmonious, balanced environment’.

Interview with I.M. Pei by Robert Ivy, FAIA, 2004.

While standing in the centre of Room 16 I was reminded of the mythical and mystical wisdom that lay behind the Octagon as expressed in the eight-pointed star or eight-pointed cross – a symbolic device whose principles stem originally from Sumeria, as is evident when looking at the solar symbol of Shamash.

The eight-sided Octagon is also a common Templar motif – believed to stem from the octagon walls surrounding the Dome of the Rock which stands on the original site of Solomon’s Temple in Jerusalem.

However, this explanation, though interesting, serves only to half-conceal what I felt might be the original source of the Templar’s secret knowledge.


Figure 4: A stone tablet from Sippar (860 BCE), of the Babylonian sun god Shamash seated on his Throne with the eight-rayed Sun wheel in the centre.
On the left, the Babylonian king Nabu-apla-iddin is giving obeisance to the Sun god with two of his attendants. British Museum, London.


In Rosslyn Chapel, Scotland, there are many curious carvings of the ‘Green Man’.

Depicted at the centre of an eight-armed cross is the skull of the Green Man with serpent-like vines issuing from his mouth; pointing upwards towards the top of his head – an obvious allusion to the bindu centre above the head (‘the Godhead’ or Void) as mentioned in the Tantric scriptures concerning the Kundalini enlightenment experience – yet more references.

As mentioned, the ‘Green Man’ is the Egyptian god Osiris – as is Dionysius, Bacchus, Pan, the Norse god Odin and many others.

Incorporated within the eight-armed cross there are really two crosses: the upright cross associated with St George of England, and the diagonal cross associated with St Andrew of Scotland.

It’s interesting that both these crosses are also incorporated in the ‘Union Jack’ flag of Great Britain.

The eight-pointed cross is also associated with the Knights of St John.

The overall shape of the Octagon is formed from, or indeed forms, the eight-pointed Cross Pattée or Templar Cross – being a red cross on a white background (again the theme of ‘Red and White’) which the members of the Knights Templar wore on their shoulders.

Another cross similar to the Templar Cross Pattée is the St John Cross – often referred to as the Maltese Cross, an emblem of the Order of the Knights of Malta.

These crosses are formed within the eight-sided octagon with emphasis placed on the centre of the design – the ninth point, where the head or skull of the ‘resurrection god’ or ‘Sun god’ is placed.

The whole design is also a reference to the traditional pantheon of nine gods or ‘Shining Ones’ – the Egyptian Ennead for example.

The Skull and Crossbones symbolism associated with Osiris and his sky image, the star constellation of Orion is also implicated in this symbolic device.

It is also said that the octagon, when combined within the circle, forms a sacred geometry associated with Gnostic belief.

The Templars were said to have had an affinity with the Gnostic teachings and it is said that it was within an octagonal chapel called a Charola, that neophyte Templar knights were initiated on horseback.

However, as we have already seen in the third presentation in this series, The Earth's Obliquity Angle in Art, within this type of cross there is a secret hiding in plain view.

Until now, it was not known that this type of cross has also been used as a symbol of the Earth – a ‘before and after’ picture regarding the 23.5-degree tilt of the Earth’s axis.

“The characteristic crosses of the Knights Templar, which are faithfully reproduced by the modern Masonic fraternity, are not Calvary crosses, or the type signifying the supreme drama of Christian faith, but four-fold triangles joined at the apexes, the same being identical with a form highly symbolic throughout the ancient East from a period as remote as several thousand years before Christ. They are shown in company with representations of the sun, moon and stars and various zodiacal signs suspended from the necks of the ancient Assyrian and Babylonian monarchs. They are in fact, flattened pyramids and possess the same significance.” (My emphasis).

Ancient Freemasonry: An Introduction to Masonic Archeology by Frank C. Higgins (1919). p.105.

As if in direct reference to the themes given in this presentation, some curious connections have already been made between, 1), the octagon, 2), the tilt of the Earth’s axis . . . and 3), the Great Pyramid – and all in regard to one of the finest castles in Europe, the Castel del Monte of the Adriatic Valley which boasts 8 octagonal towers around a central octagonal building which encloses a central void – an open courtyard.

The following quote comes from a page on the Internet created by ‘Inmedia’ (author unknown):

“ . . . the fact that the octagon in the courtyard is not a standard one – or rather, that no one side is the same – does not constitute a worker error, so perfect is the execution of the other parts of the castle. However, there does seem to be a relationship between the tilt in the Earth’s axis and the phenomenon of the precession of the equinoxes, where by the values of the courtyard design represent the centrality of the Earth or of the emperor's power. Recently someone put forward the hypothesis that the castle constitutes a medieval re-interpretation of the numerical relationships present in the pyramid of Cheops. These are some of the theories inspired by the Castel del Monte.”

Castel del Monte.


In the course of my research, I have examined many paintings, including Poussin’s, and in my opinion the secrets they convey point to one of the most important locations on the Earth – Giza – and point to something more incredible than any of the more sensational religious theories that have emerged from the Rennes-le-Château mystery only to find their way into a recently published fictional novel to then be exploited as the truth.

Of course, it’s possible that Poussin’s connections to the mystery have been falsified and that he had nothing to do with the so-called mysteries of Rennes-le-Château. However, there’s no question that he was an initiate associated with some very powerful people, who understood and adopted the principles of Egyptian mysticism and who had reason to believe that the ancient Egyptians were heirs to the knowledge and wisdom of a lost civilisation or culture that once flourished during a ‘Golden Age’ when the Earth was upright and everything was in balance.

The evidence for these beliefs can be found in the deeper meanings we can extract from the combined symbology of the Prime Meridian and the Pyramid that marks it, as first expressed at Giza and then later replicated in major capital cities as is clearly evident in Paris and what I have discovered in the old and modern maps of Washington DC.

As mentioned, there are of course practical reasons why we should have a Prime Meridian, as like the Equator which divides the Northern and Southern hemispheres, it is used as a line of reference.

However, the general attitude shown by certain countries in 1884 when the world powers were deciding exactly where to place it went far beyond the practicable.

As if in subliminal memory of the original, it was even suggested that the 0º Meridian should pass through Giza, as it naturally seemed the perfect prime location – marked as it would be by the Great Pyramid.

In view of this, the final decision that it should be Greenwich in London is quite surprising.

When Greenwich was finally nominated, France abstained from supporting this decision – one of the reasons being that France would only agree if the world adopted the French ‘Decimal Metric System’ conceived during the French Revolution in the 1790’s.

And while on the subject, interesting is the fact that the Metric system was originally based on the circumference of the Earth from the North Pole to the Equator.
One metre equaled ‘one ten millionth’ of this distance.
Of course this distance varies at different locations measured and over time.

The metre has since been refined several times to fit more precise physical constants of measure, and so now a metre defines the distance travelled at the speed of light within a vacuum and in a precisely-measured fraction of a second.

The most logical and accurate system of measurement is the ‘sacred inch’ system, which was based on the length of the axis from pole to pole. The Sacred Inch is 1/500,000,000th part of the Earth’s axis.

It’s therefore no surprise to find that the basic unit of measure within the Great Pyramid, Noah’s Ark, the Ark of the Covenant, Solomon’s Temple and the New Jerusalem at the end of Revelation in the Bible, is the “Sacred Inch”.

The English inch and the American inch is only a fraction of a hair’s breadth different from the ‘sacred inch’.

But returning to the Meridian:

Although France lost-out to Britain, today the memory of the Paris Meridian is still being preserved and as we have seen is further emphasised in these bronze roundel markers as well as important landmarks throughout Paris.

Also, it appears that France wasn't the only contender for the Prime Meridian . . .

‘One strange discovery I have found is that a similar episode appears to have occurred in the American capitol of Washington, DC. Apparently, DC was originally designed so that 16th street would be its original north-south meridian – and this meridian was going to be the “zero meridian” of the United States. After Greenwich was made the international meridian, DC and Paris both renounced their claims. Today, DC uses Capitol Street as its N-S axis, but certain monuments, especially those in Meridian Hill Park, point to the older axis. On 16th street, one also finds the home of the Scottish Rite Temple and several esoteric churches and monuments’.

Priory of Sion: The Facts, the Theories, the Mystery.

One could perhaps argue whether or not this desire to emphasise the old Paris Meridian is purely political, having reasons to do with ‘national pride’ more than anything else, as expressed in the following quote:

‘Like Greenwich, the Paris line is arbitrary, and the arguments for its adoption political. The meridian could have ended up at Washington, Paris or Peckham’.

A Natural Meridian for the Geodetic Zodiacal Map by Maria Wheatley and Laurence Upton.

Personally, I found the tongue-in-cheek reference to Peckham, along with the references to Paris and Washington, a little startling when I first read this paragraph, because from the day I was born, I was actually brought up in Peckham, having been born just a few miles from the Greenwich, Zero, Prime Meridian.

The Zero Meridian is considered to be the Alpha-Omega (end-beginning) point on the Earth so I find it strange that I was also born at 5:03 AM on the 6th April, 1957, which means that although I am an Aries, my Ascendant is on the cusp between Aries and Pisces - again the alpha-omega point in the Zodiac. Throughout my work I tend to focus on the Alpha-Omega point in the cycle - what I have termed the Neutral Point - not aware at first that I was actually born on such a point in both space and time.

In any case, its possible that in the view of those who were and are still aware of it, it was intended that Paris or indeed Washington DC should represent the new Giza, and for symbolic reasons based on ancient metaphysical principles – which though abstract, (as is their nature and says more about the multilateral nature of human consciousness than anything in the material world) – are really quite simple to grasp . . .

If we look at a map of the tilted Earth as shown on a model globe we will see that each meridian is aligned with the Earth’s axis of rotation, which is presently inclined from the vertical by 23.43 degrees.
In ‘arc minutes’ the incline is presently calculated as 23º 26’ and slowly decreasing.

Metaphorically, and especially in arcane or esoteric thought, the 0º or Prime Meridian, as drawn on the surface of the globe also represents the Earth’s geographical polar axis which runs conceptually through the Earth’s centre.

This means that the Glass Pyramid which sits close to the Paris Meridian - the old Zero Meridian of France - is symbolically aligned with the Earth’s inclined polar axis and actually signifies the shamanic 'world mountain' that holds the 'world tree', the axis mundi in place.

On the surface this explanation may seem, if a little, “contrived”, but those who planned the positioning of the Glass Pyramid understood this powerful symbolism and the ancient principles behind it as evident in the aerial view of the Glass Pyramid in the courtyard of the Louvre. (Again see figure 9).

In general, only a person with some metaphysical or esoteric knowledge would understand the concepts behind this encoded symbolism, for it’s a fact that one of the most important universal archetypes is the ‘World Mountain’ – originally an ancient shamanic conception – a ‘communication tool’, invented to convey a mystical secret about ourselves and the nature of human consciousness . . .

In light of the above, it's interesting that Poussin’s last paintings 'The Four Seasons' are now displayed in a room in the Richelieu Wing of the Louvre.

One fact that is not well known about Poussin is that he was a trusted friend of Cardinal Richelieu – the real power behind the throne of France.

The two met on Poussin’s return to Paris in 1640 and continued to meet until Richelieu’s death in 1642.

Furthermore, we find that 'The Four Seasons' were commissioned by Cardinal Richelieu’s nephew, the Duc de Richelieu in 1664.*

*The Arcadian Cipher by Peter Blake and Paul S. Blezard, (Pan, 2000), p. 15.

‘In Richelieu’s employ there was a now little-known man named Gaffarel. A highly learned and extraordinarily erudite scholar who had a wide knowledge of Egyptian, Sumerian and Babylonian languages and history. Gaffarel was fully conversant with the principles of Gnosticism and was extremely interested in the occult, on which he wrote many works including Abdita Divinae Kabbale Mysteriae and Unheard of Curiosities concerning Talismanic Magic’.

The Arcadian Cipher, p. 19.

We are told that Richelieu . . .

‘ . . . came to depend more and more on Gafferel, who was also working on a book which he considered to be his magnum opus, The Holes of Man and the Holes of the Earth. This thought to have been a collection of occultist and Kabbalistic knowledge, was never published and Gaffarel mysteriously vanished in 1661’.

The Arcadian Cipher, p. 19.

Interesting, because in esoteric lore, the “Holes of Man" are associated with the endocrine-gland related chakra vortices that align the human spine and which are said to "knot" the physical body to the spiritual.

In essence, the same chakra vortices are found on the Earth - "Holes of the Earth" - and are described by dowsers as ‘convergence points’ where the positive and negative lines of force cross and neutralise - cancelling each other out at zero point.

The Hebrew Qabbalistic system of three pillars and ten ascending and descending sephiroth levels, can be compared to the Hindu physio-kundalini chakra-system, of three etheric nerve channels (positive, negative and central neutral) and the seven chakra levels that align the spine.

Again, these systems are also encapsulated in the shamanic 'World Mountain' and 'World Tree' (axis mundi) symbolism, of which the pyramid structure is a perfect example. And again, the pyramid (world mountain) on the zero meridian (world tree - central pillar - nerve channel) also encapsulates these systems associated with the internal processes relating to enlightenment and man's spiritual ascension from the physical world of matter.

As we will see in the next presentation these same principles as encapsulated in the Pyramid and the Zero Meridian - and even an image of the Great Pyramid aligned centrally on the Zero Meridian - were encoded in the geometric grid positioning of the landmarks and avenues of Washington DC.

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