Gary Osborn

First written between 2004 and 2005. Updated 2012.

Copyright © Gary Osborn 2005. All Rights Reserved.

In 1981, President Francois Mitterand of France commissioned a glass pyramid to be built in the courtyard of the Place du Louvre in Paris. The task of designing the pyramid was given to Chinese-American architect, Ieoh Ming Pei.

Completed in time for the Bicentennial of the French Revolution in 1989, The Pyramide stands just over 71 ft high; a steel construction supporting 70 triangular panes of 20-millimetre thick glass: these are further divided into 603 ‘rhombi’ diamond-shaped pieces – making 673 in total.

When leaving office, it is the custom in France that the President assigns a monument to be built in his name – something for which he will be remembered by future generations. For instance, the world famous Pompidou Center in Paris which houses the Bibliothèque National is named after one of Mitterand’s predecessors, Georges Pompidou.

However, President Mitterand who died in 1996 didn’t just leave something to be remembered by . . .

‘At this point something curious occurred. The suggestion was made, and for a while taken seriously, that the stones of the Bastille should be salvaged in order to construct a replica of an ancient Egyptian pyramid on the site. And although the project later stalled for lack of funds, the core idea of making a symbolic connection with ancient Egypt persisted behind the scenes. If a pyramid could not be managed, something less would have to suffice’.

Talisman. Sacred Cities, Secret Faith by Graham Hancock and Robert Bauval.
(Penguin Michael Joseph. 2004).
Bauval’s sources are Jean Duché, L’Histoire de France raconté à Juliette, Presses Pocket, Paris, 1954. p. 179, and Jean Kerisel, La Pyramide à travers les âges, Presses des Ponts et Chaussées, Paris, 1991, p.161.

It is indeed significant that the Glass Pyramid was also built to commemorate the 1989 Bicentenary of the French Revolution, especially when we discover that the construction of a pyramid in Paris had first been planned 200 years earlier and that a Baroque-style pyramid had been planned for the courtyard of the Louvre during the Centennial celebrations in 1889.

As Hancock and Bauval had discovered, it would seem that this open location in the courtyard of the Louvre had already been reserved for a pyramid construction.

There were mixed reviews on the glass pyramid’s completion – mainly because the see-through structure stands in stark contrast to the dignity of the Renaissance-style buildings that surround it as if forced onto its environment.

Because of this, we must ask why this location was reserved for a pyramid and why the Glass Pyramid was positioned in the centre of the Cour Napoleon courtyard where it looks odd and out of place . . . and then we realise that perhaps this ‘open location’ was the closest its architect and builders could get to the old 0° Meridian that runs throughout France, and through the Louvre.

Zero Prime Meridian

Meridians or lines of longitude are imaginary lines drawn on maps and globes which when combined with lines of latitude can be used to locate any place on Earth. This is basically a grid system for mapping the Earth.
The longitude meridians run from pole to pole and any of these meridians can be referred to as ‘0º’. And this zero from which all other meridians are consecutively numbered, is called the Prime Meridian.

The First Prime Meridian

It was during the early 1800s, that the explorer Charles Piazzi Smyth first suggested that the Great Pyramid should mark the Prime Meridian (longitude zero) and really because his observation was that the Great Pyramid is located at the centre of the Earth’s landmasses.

Smythe's observations and findings led to the theory that the original Prime Meridian ran through Giza in Egypt, as marked by the Great Pyramid and that it was from here that all local times and distances were calculated.
If true, then Giza would have been the oldest and perhaps the first and original location for the Prime Meridian.

Here's a quote by 32nd Degree Mason, Frank C. Higgins, from page 220 of his book, Ancient Freemasonry (1919):

The ‘Giza’ Prime Meridian has been supported by mathematician Dr. Livio Catullo. Stecchini, journalist/author, Graham Hancock, veteran author, Colin Wilson, Atlantis theorist, Rand Flem-Ath and author, Crichton E.M. Miller.

“It is probable, however, that Gizeh was the “Greenwich” of the ancient world, with the other meridians east and west of it”.

“Stecchini also claims that a number of other locations throughout the ancient world were located in exact geodetic relation to the longitude meridian of the Great Pyramid. Of these the Persian capital Persepolis, whose location otherwise appears senseless to scholars, is perhaps the most straight forward to explain. Persepolis was located at 30º 00' north latitude, and three units of exactly 7º 12' east of the meridian of the Great Pyramid. The reason for this 7º 12' unit was that the Persian Empire of King Darius the Great was idealized as three geodetic squares of 6 of latitude, stretching from 30º to 36º north.
At 33º north, the midpoint of this distance, 6º of latitude is equal to 7' 12" of longitude, thus making these regions true squares. Among the other ancient sites exhibiting similar geodetic precision, according to Stecchini, are: Nimrod, Sardi, Susa, Mycenae, Dodona and Delphi, as well as the Kaaba at Mecca, and Mt. Gerizim, the original Jewish holy center, before it was moved to Jerusalem in 980 BC”.
Precession and the Pyramid Astronomical Knowledge in Ancient Egypt by Jim Fournier.,1996.

Based on his own calculations, in 1992, Prof. Carl P. Munck stated that the Giza Meridian is really the Earth’s true Prime Meridian and since the last polar shift some 13,000 years ago.
Others have said that the Giza Prime Meridian isn’t the first, but was the first during the post-flood era – having been set-up after the catastrophe involving a dramatic polar shift and the resulting deluge. The same people even suggest that the original Prime Meridian ran through the centre of Atlantis as marked by the mythical Mount Atlas.

Furthermore, we are told that the Pyramid structure was named mer by the ancient Egyptians, meaning ‘Place of Ascension’.
Mer is the first syllable of the term ‘Meridian’, and so amongst other things the Great Pyramid may have actually served as a huge Sundial – a meridienne.

An interesting article is the Grid of T Mera by Simon M. Miles 1999, in which the hieroglyph mer and the legendary Mount Meru is discussed and where these connections with the Prime Meridian and the Pyramid (the Omphalos - the navel of the Earth), which marked it, become self-evident.
Here's a quote from the page:


Figure 3: The Great Pyramid of Giza functioning as a large Sundial.
Note the concavity or hollowing of the sides. The Great Pyramid (G1) and third smallest
pyramid (G3) at Giza are the only pyramids in the world that possess this feature.

'As Professor Livio Stecchini points out, the original name which was used by the ancient Egyptians for their country was To-Mera, which translates as The Land that was Measured. The hieroglyph for the mer phonetic used in this name is the picture of the hoe, or tilling instrument. In this example, the mer sign supports the intended reading of “measured”.'

Reference: Notes on the Relation of Ancient Measures to the Great Pyramid by Professor Livio Catullo Stecchini.
Published as an Appendix to Secrets of the Great Pyramid by Peter Tompkins.

The Paris Meridian

‘In certain circles, some kind of occult or esoteric significance is ascribed to the Paris Meridian; sometimes it is even perceived as a sinister axis. Dominique Stezepfandts, a French conspiracy theorist, attacks the Arago medallions that supposedly trace the route of “an occult geographical line”; to him the Paris Meridian is a “Masonic axis” or even “the heart of the Devil”.

‘Henry Lincoln, in his book The Holy Place, argues that various ancient structures are aligned according to the Paris Meridian. They even include medieval churches, built long before the meridian was established according to conventional history, and Lincoln finds it obvious that the meridian “was based upon the ‘cromlech intersect division line’.”

David Wood, in his book Genisis, likewise ascribes a deeper significance to the Paris Meridian and takes it into account when trying to decipher the geometry of the myth-encrusted village of Rennes-le-Château: The meridian passes about 350 meters (yards) west of the site of the so-called “Poussin tomb”, an important location in the legends and esoteric theories relating to that place’.
See here:

The quotes above reveal how deep the superstitions are surrounding the subject of the Meridian, and although some of these perceptions are negative in the extreme as the first paragraph shows, they are not unfounded.
As we will see, these occult connections perhaps reveal the true symbolic significance of a country's Meridian, as marked by its capital city and the Zero Prime Meridian in particular, and this is evidently expressed in this quote:

It would appear that this "occult function" associated with "spiritual orientation" and meditative "attunement", has its source in the arcane knowledge surrounding the true purpose of the original Zero Prime Meridian that ran through Giza, as marked by the Great Pyramid and which was aligned with the River Nile (from the French word Nil - meaning the same as it does in English - i.e., 'null' or 'zero').
These occult-esoteric connections with Giza and what the location of Giza really stood for, will become more evident the further we go on.

The Meridian running through Paris (now Longitude 2º 20’14” East from Greenwich) is still generally referred to as ‘Zero’ by the French and runs through the l’Observatoire de Paris – the oldest serving observatory in the world – dating from 1667.

In their book The Sion Revelation: Inside the Shadowy World of Europe’s Secret Masters, p. 229, authors Lynn Picknett and Clive Prince offer their own solution to this by asking how wide should a meridian be? – Adding that “650 feet [between the two meridians] is not too far out”, therefore suggesting that the brass line in the Church, which is said to mark the ‘Rose Line’ could still be a reference to the Paris Meridian.

Although the Glass Pyramid is not exactly on the line of the Paris Meridian as marked by the Arago markers, nevertheless the meridian runs through the courtyard of the Louvre where the Glass Pyramid is situated and so one could say that the Pyramid is there to mark the Paris Meridian – especially if the width of the meridian could be argued as Picknett and Prince propose.

Investigative journalist and author, Filip Coppens disagrees with the authors: in his opinion, the meridian line is abstract; something intangible in the real world and therefore it is always a very fine line – as fine as we can make it.

I would agree: if the Prime Meridian is zero, then this makes sense - and in any case, as a novelty attraction, tourists are invited to stand astride the Greenwich Meridian – one foot in the West and one foot in the East.

However, because it represents zero, again the Prime Meridian also has profound esoteric significance, and one should always keep in mind that we are dealing mostly with subjective, ancient, symbolic conceptions that convey truths known only to those who have been initiated into this knowledge.

The brass line inside the Church of Saint Sulpice runs through the North-South transept of the church and up to an obelisk known as an Astronomical Gnomen.

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