Originally written in 2003. Updated, 2007 and 2012

Copyright © Gary Osborn 2003. All Rights Reserved.

Between the years 1936 and 1951, the esoteric initiate, philosopher and mathematician, R. A. Schwaller de Lubicz, (1887-1961) lived in Egypt, and while there he made an intense study of the Temple of Luxor at Thebes, Egypt.
(Its interesting to note that the word Lux in Latin means 'Light', and the word 'Or' in French means 'Gold').

De Lubicz' knowledge of esoteric disciplines and his skill in mathematics – which he applied to the often painstaking and meticulous measuring of the temple site – brought him to the conclusion that incorporated within the temple’s design was both the knowledge and location of the endocrine glands, the Hindu chakras and the acupuncture points in the body according to ancient Chinese tradition.

This conclusion, together with the astronomical alignments he had observed, revealed that the Luxor temple was a symbol of the universe in human form.

De Lubicz reasoned that the science employed in the design and construction of the temple was so far in advance of what can be explained by the slow, step-by-step, acquisition of knowledge, that the symbolic statements hidden in its design could only have been inherited by the ancient Egyptians and from some highly advanced culture that existed far back in antiquity.

These discoveries were first published in 1949 and in a written work; a 1,000-page magnus opus titled Le Temple de l'Homme (The Temple of Man) – now translated into English.

Figure 1: Ground-plan of the Temple of Luxor superimposed over a human figure – according to Schwaller de Lubicz.
Note the reference made to the gland-related centre in the brain. In physical terms this is the Thalamus – associated with the ‘enlightenment’ experience. Illustration from Le Temple de l'Homme (Temple of Man), 1949, by Schwaller de Lubicz.

Most important to my own discoveries and theories about the Great Pyramid of Giza – which I would emphasise had come to me long before I had known of de Lubicz’ work – is his theory that the Triple Sanctuary in the Temple of Luxor corresponds to the skull/brain, and its “three endocrine glands” or power centres.

It would seem right to say that the metaphysical information pertaining to these three ‘power centers’ in the brain – which can be found all around the world - has a common source: in that what we have been left with, are the dispersed fragments of some profound knowledge once understood by an advanced ‘source culture’ now lost – or so it would seem.

His suggestion (de Lubicz’) was that these ‘three’ power centres referred to in the architecture of the Temple of Luxor, also represented the Holy ‘Triad’ or ‘Trinity’ adopted by virtually every major religion around the world.

Well this is the conclusion I had also arrived at, and if correct, then it is in this connection that we find our first clue as to why these three higher power centres were deemed important enough by the ancients to have made proportional architectural references to them – as evidenced by the analytical and scholarly work of Mr. de Lubicz.

The Brain Centres in Architecture

It is obviously a truth to state that our ancients ancestors dissected the human body and it is self-evident that they - or possibly an unknown and scientifically-advanced, source culture or civilisation before them - did the same with the brain.

We should note that the monk’s tonsure (popular during medieval times) was really in reference to the Crown Chakra (Sahasara) and the bindu point above the head by which one is connected to the ‘Godhead’, and was an alternative to trepanning (opening) of the skull), as practised in prehistoric and ancient times and by many different cultures - this practise being especially notable with the Merovingian kings of France.

As Schwaller de Lubicz found with the Temple of Luxor, when we overlay the side-view of the human head or skull onto many sacred places and also architectural buildings, both ancient and modern, we discover a remarkable thing.

The centre of the brain, the eyes, the mouth, the seventh chakra (sahasara) at the bregma or crown of the head, and its centre, the bindu above the head, all seem to match up with important elements of the architectural or archaeological site.

It is a recorded fact that many of our modern churches are built upon much older sacred sites which some say are linked with the positive and negative energy paths and neutral convergence points (where these two paths or meridians cross each other and are neutralised) on the Earth. (See Ley Lines).

Although the “new-age” view of Ley Lines and Dragon Paths is limited in my view, it is a startling discovery to find that sacred sites are linked to the human body, the brain and the mind - the nous - and I was to discover that this amazing fact would lead me onto yet further insights.

As I discovered, by overlaying a side-view cross-sectioned image of the human head and brain onto the ground plan of ancient sacred sites, we could reveal links between the important glands inside the head and thus show that the architects understood what was really inside the brain.

There is a wealth of further information which shows just how central to the sacred geometry of the ancients these power centres in the brain were.

Again, according to de Lubicz - there are THREE power centres in the brain, and again we find that this is consistent with what has been stated and inferred in the most reliable and respected esoteric literature and other sources, both textual and symbolic.

These sources tell us that there are three power centres associated with the occulted 'Third Eye'.

Now most people - especially Westerners - believe that it is the tiny Pineal gland in the brain that is theThird Eye’ – the "second sight", or the mystical, or inner, psychic vision, also believed to be man’s “doorway” towards enlightenment and the “glory of God”.

This belief has mostly grown up around what has been written in the “new-age” literature based largely on Eastern mysticism and since the 1960's.

As to what the esoteric function of the pineal might be, there have been numerous explanations – from the far-fetched idea of the pineal being an “alien implant” to the equally “new-age” idea of the pineal being a “cosmic communication device”.

For many mystics, the Pineal is said to be associated with the sixth chakra vortex in the brain – known as the “brow chakra” or Ajna - its Hindu name.

Some will say that the ‘third eye’ is the Pituitary Gland, and others will say, that the ‘third eye’ is both the pineal and the pituitary glands.
(See Western Wisdom Teachings by Max Heindel).

Many of us still believe that the so-called “third eye” is a fanciful notion and doesn’t really exist.

There is surely much confusion here, and it is evident now that this uncertainty cannot be resolved by just stating or believing that there is no such thing as the ‘third eye’ – especially if our ancient ancestors believed in it and everything we find is leading us to it.

For example, this ancient belief in the 'third eye' is still immediately evident today in the safron dot mark worn on the foreheads of the people in India and the Far East.

These esoteric sources tell us that the third eye has three related components to it - the Pineal Gland, the Pituitary Gland and the Thalamus at the centre of the brain.

As we will see, the Thalamus - the 'embryo region' of the brain - is especially important in the ancient Hindu Vedas, with the pineal and its functions having a lesser significance.

First we will examine what is known about the Pineal Gland.

The Pineal Gland

The pineal gland is cone-shaped like a ‘pinecone’, as its name implies, and is located behind and above the pituitary gland and just behind the Thalamus.

The Pituitary Gland

The Pituitary has been called the ‘Master Gland,’ this is because it coordinates all the other glands in the body, controls growth and is essential to the life and ‘well-being’ of the individual.

It is said that removal of the pituitary from the brain will cause death in three days.

Like the pineal gland associated with the day/night cycles, the pituitary gland is also dual in nature and this duality is also expressed in its physical composition.

It has two lobes, each of which performs a different function.
These are known as the anterior and posterior lobes.

The Carotid Gland

In the esoteric traditions the carotid gland is known as the ‘alta major:’ however, apart from the work of the medium and esoteric writer, Alice Bailey, the carotid gland is hardly ever mentioned in “new-age” literature, so why would this gland be important?

Well control over one’s breathing is necessary for Yoga and meditation and the carotid gland is associated with the respiratory system – i.e., breathing, and maintains homeostatic control over the levels of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the blood.

The duality inherent in the cycles of opposites is again evident here in the inhalation of oxygen and the exhalation of carbon dioxide – which this gland controls.

The Thalamus

Contrary to what many would think or like to believe, the evidence I have been looking at shows that it was the thalamus which was considered by the ancients to be the ‘seed-centre’ of one’s physical existence.

The walnut-sized thalamus is at the centre of the brain, located on top of the brain stem or the limbic system known as the "Reptilian Brain" – the part of the brain which is said to be stimulated during psychic activity.

In 1974 the ESP abilities of psychic, Mathew Manning were scientifically tested by Joel Whitton and it was found that Mathew was producing a strange and unknown brain-wave pattern that was seen to be coming from the oldest and most primitive part of the brain – the Reptilian Brain. (See: The Link: The Extraordinary Gifts of a Teenage Psychic by Mathew Manning. Colin Smythe Ltd. 1987.)

The thalamus has two lobes known as the ‘thalamic bodies,’ which look like a smaller version of the two hemispheres of the brain known as the cerebrum.


  Figure 7: The Thalamus at the centre of the brain.

Interestingly, the name ‘cerebrum’ is a composite of Ceres, meaning ‘cross’ and RU – CerebRUm – again associated with the ancient Egyptian life symbol – the Ankh - which we will come to again later.

The two lobes of the thalamus are connected together by a tubular bundle of nerve fibres at their centre, called the massa intermedia or the interthalamic adhesion - see below.

In the Encyclopaedia Britannica, the thalamus is described as being “egg-shaped” – and if we look up ‘Thalamus’ on the Internet, we will find many references to it resembling an egg.

Around the massa intermedia, the two thalamic bodies are separated by the ‘third ventricle;’ one of the few spaces in the brain which is filled with cerebral spinal fluid.

The thalamic cells demonstrate high proliferative activity, frequently fusing via the massa intermedia, which is a non-neuronal structure.

In other words, and in esoteric thought based on correspondences with the sexual, procreative process, the egg (thalamus) is continually being "seeded" or "fertilised" – suggesting re-creation.

The term ‘re-creation’ here means ‘repeating patterns’ – i.e., re-patterning.

Most importantly, the reason why this ‘ancient shamanic priesthood’ may have placed so much emphasis on the thalamus was because, like the centre of the Earth, the thalamus is smack-bang at the centre of the brain.

But not only this, the thalamus is the major sensory and motor relay nucleus in the brain; it is our “central control box” and is our interface with the reality around us. In other words, it acts like the hub of the whole wheel.

When one part of the neocortex – one “spoke” of the “wheel” – communicates with another; it does so via the thalamus – being the centre of the whole sphere.


  Figure 8: The Thalamus as the central relay station in the brain.

If there were anything in the physical body that would represent the centre of consciousness itself, it would be the thalamus at the centre of the brain. This is also the opinion of many of today’s neurologists.

To esoteric initiates the thalamus, also known as the Optic Thalamus was regarded as the real ‘third eye’.

Esotericist, Alice Bailey, tells us that Francis Bacon, a Rosicrucian, and whom many believe to be the man most likely to have written the plays attributed to Shakespeare, regarded the soul to be at the centre of the brain, and again, this could only be the thalamus.

On the surface of the thalamus is a thin layer of cells called the nucleus reticularis which regulates the transmission of this information by its inhibitory influence upon all thalamic nuclei.

It is said that the nucleus reticularis plays an important role in the focusing of attention and has the task of filtering out the numberless sum of impulses that come flooding into our brain at any given moment.

It assures that all messages are prioritised and regulated, as if acting like a valve or control device.

For example, while at a party and while listening attentively to someone talking, all other incoming information around us will be automatically suppressed and censored. In fact the Thalamus blocks out - around 90% of the electromagnetic information around us - our "bubble" of reality.

This says something about our perception of the world – in that we tend to ignore, or are unconscious to some extent of a lot of the information around us and this is due to the default laws of the reality we are focused in and partly due to our personal beliefs, our mindset and what we prefer to give our attention to – one of the reasons why it is said that we tend to use only 10% of our brains at any given time; why we perceive and experience only 10% of the universe or ‘multiverse’ around us, and why some 10% of our DNA remains inactive – inappropriately called “junk-DNA” by our scientists.

It is said that the destruction of the thalamus causes inability to dream, which reveals that along with the hypothalamus it is indeed a kind of midpoint “gateway” or “gatekeeper” between the conscious-self and the subconscious realms – i.e., those realms of information that the conscious-self usually cuts itself off from during the waking hours or waking half of the cycle.

"Modern physiological studies of the thalamus have emphasized the global properties of the thalamus and of the cerebral cortex in operations that underlie changes in conscious state, sleep and wakefulness, and attention and cognition".

The Thalamus by Edward G. Jones. Centre for Neuroscience. University of California.

I have already mentioned the Torus or Toroidal Vortex many times in my other articles, and so in regard to the central position of the thalamus in the head, it is not surprising that we find a connection between the Thalamus and the Torus.

The following is from the Webster Dictionary:

1. A mass of nervous matter on either side of the third ventricle of the brain; called also optic thalamus.
2. Same as Thallus. The receptacle of a flower; a torus".
Webster Dictionary, 1913.

If we look up the Greek word ‘Thallus’ – which is obviously linguistically linked to the word ‘phallus’ – being the male penis, and perhaps we should note that pen in ‘Penis’ means, ‘head’ – we find that it means, a “young shoot or branch”* as we find sprouting from a seed.

*Webster Dictionary, 1913.

The spinal column is linked to the thalamus via the brain stem – the Reptilian Brain, which again, we will come to later.

According to esoteric traditions, the spinal cord and brain is symbolised by the 'Tree of Life' and the image of a flower also applies.

The etymology of the word ‘thalamus’ and its derivatives are interesting, in that it seems as if at a deeper level we are being told that:

1.) The ‘seed’ of one’s existence is the thalamus.

2.) That it is both the flower and the seed, and that one’s body (the spine) grows from it – just like the universe which has grown from
the seed – being the proto-atom of the “big bang.”

3.) That in turn, and when activated, it “blooms” or “flowers” into being from this same root which was created from it.

The above is why the ‘altars’ of ancient stone circles, as well as temples, cathedrals and churches, really represented the centre of the creation, the centre of the Earth, but also the thalamus at the centre of the brain, or possibly the seventh crown chakra (the bindu or void) with which the thalamus is intimately connected.

For more insights which are agreeable with many of the themes I am addressing here as well as the shamanic knowledge concerning ‘oscillating systems’ and periodic cycles already touched on, I would recommend that the reader look up a paper on the Internet entitled Inner Self Located.

The information given in this paper is indeed reliable, being based on the most ancient of Indian scriptures, the Upanishads of the Vedas, of which there are 108 verses.

This paper contains the following quotes in regard to the thalamic centre of the brain:

‘The embryo brain consists of the thalamus, hypothalamus, midbrain and brain-stem. These are the specific areas of the brain that are discernible about five weeks after conception. As the brain grows and expands these areas remain the central core and guiding influence’.

‘It is mentioned in passing that the thalamus and hypothalamus comprise a part of the brain known as
the diencephalon which also contains the pineal body. A special significance for this pineal body is not ruled out although there is little neurophysiological evidence as to its functions.

‘There are many clues in the Upanishads that the Self is located in the embryo brain region in the centre of the brain. For instance very often the Self is simply described as being located in the middle.

'After meditating on the Self seated in the middle of the heart like a lamp placed inside a vessel of the size of a thumb and ofthe form of smokeless flame (the Self manifests himself)'.

(Paińgala Upanishad III. 3).

'All deities worship that adorable one, the seated in the middle, who pushes the prana upward and impels the apana inward'
(Katha Upanishad II.ii. 3)

' . . . in the middle (between two parts) there comes into being the divine person, the person, with a thosand eyes, a thousand feet and a thousand arms . . .'
(Subala Upanishad I. 1)

('between the two parts' – the two hemispheres of the brain).

‘These would all appear to be clear references to the embryo region.

('Therein the individual soul who has established himself in the middle of the eyebrows . . .'

(Paińgala Upanishad II. 8).

It so happens that the spot in the middle of the eyebrows, the mystical third eye of Shiva, is directly in line with the embryo brain region in the middle of the brain.

‘That the embryo brain region is the location of the Self is consistent with the many references in the Upanishads to the Self being the ‘seed’, ‘the source’, ‘the creator’.

Inner Self Located by Bradley York Bartholomew. Indian Philosophical Quarterly,
Vol. XVIII, No. 4'. October, 1991.

Taking the last line: 'That the embryo brain region is the location of the Self [ . . . ] the ‘seed’, ‘the source’, ‘the creator.’
Well if true then it makes sense that during the 'Kundalini Awakening'' (enlightenment experience), one’s consciousness gathers together and journeys back to that ‘original seed-point’ – as represented physically by the thalamus.

In other words, the physical thalamus at the centre of the brain, represents the ‘immortal’ part of man’s existence – his ‘core-essence’, which gets carried over from one lifetime to another.

We only have to observe how a plant or flower forms and grows from a seed to see the correspondences.

We can see the connections this makes with the 1000-petalled Lotus flower in Hindu depictions that symbolise the Crown Chakra related to the awakening of the Kundalini.

We see the same in ancient Egyptian art – the Lilly or Lotus.

As mentioned earlier, the Chinese esoteric work, “The Secret of the Golden Flower” also comes to mind.

(See, The Secret of the Golden Flower by Richard Wilhelm. Foreword by Carl G. Jung. Arkana. 1988.)

In this mystical work the thalamus would represent the indestructible ‘Diamond Body’, and seeing as the term thallus is also associated with the “undifferentiated vegetative body of algae, fungi, and lichens”,* we are brought to the significance of the mushroom which also resembles the shape of a toroid and coincidentally, it is the shape which forms when an atomic device is detonated in a blaze of bright white light.
* Source: Word Reference.Com.

We note that certain mushrooms were utilised by the shaman for their hallucinogenic properties and it is believed that they played a key, initiatory role in the ‘death-and-resurrection’ mystery religions of the ancient world.

And so the shape of these “magic mushrooms” now take on a whole new meaning in that they make a ‘magical correspondence’ with all the above.

The etymological link with the term, ‘phallus’ is indeed appropriate, especially as the enlightenment experience has been likened to the 'atomic explosion-like' orgasm in which the sperm rises up the penis, just like the analogous symbolism of the Hindu serpent, which illustrates the opposite energies rising up the human spine and along the way fusing at the centre points of the chakras to finally fuse in the head and explode in a bright light from the centre of the brain – being the location of the thalamus.

This internal light experienced - pure energy - alters, changes and can totally transform the patterns we are and what we experience - much like the atomic device which transforms - externally - the physical landscape - reducing everything to zero so as to begin again.

The word ‘Thalamus’ is Greek. We are told that the thalamus received its name in the first century from Claudius Galen (131– 201 AD), an Ionian Greek anatomist who had studied at the Great School in Alexandria, Egypt and was a doctor at the gymnasium attached to the local sanctuary at Asklepios (Asculepius) the legendary physician and healer who possessed the one serpent staff. See here:

Galen named this central part of the brain the Thamalos “meaning, an inner room or storeroom of a Greek or Roman house to refer to a reservoir in the brain of vital spirit that could be transferred to the optic nerve and thence down the nerve to the eye. This gave the thalamus a relationship to the optic nerve that survived for centuries.”*

*The Thalamus by Edward G. Jones, (2003), IBRO History of Neuroscience.

This is interesting because it agrees with my theory about the Great Pyramid of Giza, as we will see later.
Others, possibly implanting yet more ‘encoded data’ in relation to this connection, have said that the word thalamus means, ‘Inner Chamber’ or ‘Antechamber’.

The thalamus is aptly named as it indeed acts as a ‘gateway’ through which most of our sensory information – i.e., visual, auditory, tactile and proprioceptive – will pass on its way to the cortex.

Again, read the quote at the beginning of this presentation from the Taittireeya Upanishad.

The ‘Gate of God’ the thalamus is indeed, and this is how it was seen by the ancients – it being the physical location of the inner 'third eye' 'gateway' or 'portal' signified by the ancient Egyptian oval RU hieroglyph . . . the psychic ‘gateway’ into the Underworld or otherworlds'.

The ancient Egyptian RU symbol or hieroglyph - the oval placed above the Ankh - is also ‘egg-shaped’, but also symbolises the female vagina (the ancient Egyptian kteis) – further signifying the “portal between worlds.”

The RU also symbolizes the mouth – itself a symbol for the void through which the ‘Logos’ or ‘Word’ is uttered (vibrations) into creation.

And of course the RU is also shaped like an ‘eye’ – signifying the 'third eye'.

Below, is a photo of a sculpted head of the Hindu god Shiva from Cambodia with the Ajna 'third eye' (sixth brow chakra) clearly marked on his forehead.

Note that the eye is vertically placed to symbolise the female vagina or yoni - symbolising that the third eye "gateway" (psychic exit and entry point) between this world and the next is the same in essence as the vaginal "gateway" (physical entrance of the embryo-child) into this world.

The bindu point (centre of seventh chakra) above the head is clearly marked, symbolised as the crescent Moon.

220pxCLUNYCoffret_Christ_1 sat

  Figure 11: Christ inside the oval Ru - the psychic portal or "doorway" between worlds.
He is surrounded by the Four Cherubim (Angels) who each guarded the four gates of the Garden of Eden - each of whom also represent the Four Zodiac Precessional Ages, of Aquarius, Scorpio, Leo and Taurus, who each also symbolise the four evangelists who wrote the Gospels, who were also the "Four Incorruptible Sons of Horus" of ancient Egyptian mysticism and myth.

"I am the door; if anyone enters through Me, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture."
(John 10:9).

"EEG has shown that waves do not expand to the brain only, but through the whole nervous system (through the perineural system) and to every part of the organism. So the brain waves adjust sensitivity and activity of the whole nervous system”.

The Massa Intermedia

The massa intermedia is a bundle of nerve fibres that connect the left and right lobes of the thalamus.

Apparently, the massa intermedia doesn’t seem to have a function – or its function is unknown – which is interesting.

This “junction” point – which marks the nucleus of the head and the nucleus of the “thalamic egg” – is only present in the brains of about 70% of the human population. Most males don’t possess it – or if they do, it is only half the size of that of the female.

The massa intermedia does look remarkably like the nucleus of a cell or egg – the “egg” being the thalamus, as shown below. and so the Egyptians – or those who taught them (again, possibly an advanced ancient culture) – also made this comparison and for symbolic, ‘magical correspondence’ reasons, which could be communicated over time and picked up by those who would make the same comparisons, thereby noting its deeper significance in regard to the ‘enlightenment experience’.

massa sat

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