Gary Osborn

Copyright © G Osborn. 2005. All Rights Reserved

“The time is out of joint, O’ cursed spite, That ever I was born to set it right”.

Hamlet by William Shakespeare
(Act I, Scene V)

What conditions would we expect from a vertically aligned, zero obliquity Earth?

In general, astrophysicists agree that if the Earth’s axis were perfectly upright and aligned with the ‘pole of the ecliptic’ (see here, figure 2), there wouldn’t be any distinguishable change in season. Instead we are told that some 30 degrees north and south of the equator, and to much higher latitudes than today, the Earth would enjoy a perennial springtime climate – i.e., temperate – neither too hot nor too cold.

There would be no winter when everything ceases to grow and life becomes dormant; in fact there would be continual growth all year round and a constant supply of food. Day and night would be equal in length; every year would consist of exactly 360 days and like the Earth, everything would be nicely balanced and in perfect equilibrium.
Arktos (1993), by Professor Joscelyn Godwin, is one of the few books in recent times to bring attention to the possibility that in primordial times the Earth was not tilted but was perfectly upright with its equator in the same plane as the ecliptic. Godwin’s book is a rare resource on this theme as he quotes numerous sources which reveal to us that aside from being just an ‘ideal situation’ without any historical reality, a ‘Golden Age’ of temperate climate – everlasting – remains an archetype in the memory of man and the collective consciousness.
Below, is a diagram similar to the one given in the first chapter of Arktos.

"With heat and cold alternating daily but not annually, there would be no months-long night in the Arctic or Antarctic regions, during which all life now becomes dormant. Aided as might be by the ocean currents and by the inner heat of the Earth, twelve hours of sunlight would permit fertility to a very high latitude".

Arktos: The Polar Myth In Science, Symbolism and Nazi Survival,
by Joscelyn Godwin, (Thames & Hudson), 1993, p. 14.

As already mentioned, another well-researched scientific work on this theme is When the Earth nearly Died, or its US title, Cataclysm (1997), by two geoscientists, D. S. Allan and J. B. Delair. Their theory is that a cluster of debris fragments (known as ‘Phaeton’ in Ovid’s Metamorphoses) were projected by a supernova explosion around 11,000 BC and passed through our solar system c. 9,500 BC, causing large-scale devastation and havoc.
The authors say that these fragments caused a displacement of the Earth’s crust, a shift of its axis, the sinking of large landmasses in the Pacific and Atlantic oceans, climatic change and widespread extinctions.
The authors add that before this tragedy the Earth was vertical and stable for a great period of geological time – indicating the possibility that perhaps the Earth’s axis had been tilted before and that it can and will eventually right itself.
Like Joscelyn Godwin, the authors describe a virtual ‘Garden of Eden’ during the Prediluvial era – meaning ‘pre-deluge’ – before the time of the Biblical Flood.

"In fact traditions telling that the Earth’s axis was vertical are common also in China (hints are also in Sumerian drawings). And this is an essential condition in my theory for explaining the climatic conditions during the last ice age".
Email from Flavio Barbiero to Gary Osborn dated June 6, 2006.

And on the conditions resulting from an upright axis, Barbiero writes:

‘With a vertical axis there would be the maximum possible extent of ice on Earth, because snow falling at the poles and on the mountains would never be melted by summer heat (as there would not be summers). Ice would have to “migrate” from the poles and from the top of the mountains to a latitude and altitude were temperatures are constantly above zero, in order to be melted down. Sea level would be at the minimum possible. Vegetation growth would be continuous all the year round and spectacular, especially at the edge of the ice-caps, because there would be plenty of water due to the melting ice. Ecological communities would be at their top, with very little climatic barriers and no limitation factors due to seasonal climate. Deserts should be widespread at intermediate latitudes. Weather should be generally mild and predictable.
Yes this would be definitely the conditions for an Eden-like paradise. I wouldn’t say that the equator would be impassable because of the heath; but in any case it would be a humid, thick, suffocating belt of rain forest, not easy to pass’.

‘According to available geological evidence, the maximum of verticality was reached around 18.000 years ago: the minimum (12-15°) at the end of Pleistocene, when the pole shifted’.

Email from Flavio Barbiero to Gary Osborn dated June 13, 2006.

With a vertical Earth and during some primordial period in man’s history one could perhaps imagine two very different and possibly advanced human civilisations or cultures – one belonging to the northern hemisphere and one to the southern hemisphere – and each divided by the hot and difficult-to-pass Equatorial region.
Then due to some catastrophe that tilted the Earth, almost wiping out the human race and causing an imbalance on every level – also propelling the world and its inhabitants into cycles of opposites, consisting of extreme and recurring periods of life (summer) and death (winter) – the Equatorial region then becomes passable, and so because of their differences these two cultures eventually go to war with each other, a conflict which would also reflect this same imbalance . . . and so it is that the human race has lived in conflict, misery and war ever since.

Like the Prime Meridian, which is 0º longitude, the Celestial Equator is 0º latitude.
Due to the tilt of the Earth, in the northern hemisphere, and during the longest day (Summer Solstice, June 21), the Sun is high in the sky. The Sun’s path during this time is marked by an imaginary line on the Earth some 23.5º degrees north of the Equator known as the Tropic of Cancer. (See here, figure 22).
The Zodiac sign of Cancer is implicated here, because it’s the sign that the Sun moves into during this peak-time in the spring-summer half of the cycle and when summer begins.
In the southern hemisphere at this time it is the peak-time in the autumn-winter half of the cycle and when winter begins.
Again, in the northern hemisphere and during the shortest day, (Winter Solstice, December 21), the Sun is low in the sky, and here too the Sun’s path is marked by a line on the Earth – again some 23.5º south of the Equator – known as the Tropic of Capricorn.
Capricorn is the sign that the Sun moves into during this peak-time in the autumn-winter half of the cycle and when winter begins.
Again, this time in the southern hemisphere is the peak-time in the spring-summer half of the cycle, when summer begins.
Now during the believed ‘Golden Age’, by all accounts there would have been no summer or winter; the Earth would have enjoyed a continuous Equinox as both the Equatorial and Ecliptic planes would have been in the same plane as shown in figure 3 below.

The planes being synchronous, the Sun would always rise exactly in the East along the Equator and set exactly in the West, and so as the quote above says, throughout the year, the days and nights would always be equal in length.

The reader may have noticed the circular blue arrow showing the anticlockwise rotation of the Earth – which is why the Sun is seen to rise in the East and set in the West. The Earth also moves around the Sun in an anticlockwise fashion, and this is why the Zodiac sign which the Sun is passing through each month will also be the star constellation we see behind the Sun from our perspective on Earth.
As for the Moon, this too also rotates anticlockwise on its axis and moves anticlockwise in its orbit around the Earth.

While on the subject of the Moon, it’s only natural that Godwin would imagine what part the Moon would have played in this vertical orientation of the Earth:

‘There is no telling how the moon would have behaved at this time: whether its orbit was also in the equatorial plane, whether its period of revolution around the Earth was a mathematically satisfying 30 days, or, as some of our authorities will question, whether the moon was there at all’.
Arktos, p. 14.

First of all, let’s take a look at the present situation concerning the Moon’s orbital path in relation to the Ecliptic plane of the Sun and the Equatorial plane of the Earth. The diagram below shows the ‘Earth-Moon system’ as positioned on the Sun’s Ecliptic plane – again, being the Earth’s orbital plane as it travels around the Sun.

‘If it [the moon] shared the same plane as the Earth, each month would be marked at the dark of the moon, by an eclipse of the sun, and each full moon would disappear for a few hours into the shadow of the Earth. In a world without seasons, these monthly eclipses would be the most prominent markers of the course of time’.
Arktos, p. 14.

The next diagram shows the perfect orientation of the Sun-Earth-Moon dynamic in regard to the horizontal/vertical cross of the Ecliptic.

Figure 6

Artwork: Copyright © Gary Osborn. 2010. All Rights Reserved

Figure 6: Eclipse.
The ideal 30-Day Month – Each Month Beginning and Ending with an Eclipse.

It is said that the female menstrual cycle is associated with the cycle of the Moon.

For some people, this correlation means that the Moon “controls” the female reproductive system or is connected with it in some way. The ancients certainly believed it and perhaps for good reason. Although the human menstrual cycle can vary from 20 to 35 days, the average cycle lasts for 28 days and so from the age of puberty, a female will produce a mature egg every 28 days.
In addition to this, the average period regarding the synodic and sidereal cycle of the Moon is 28 days.
Again, as everything is now out of sync, not all women as far as their menstrual cycle is concerned, are the same. For some women it is 28 days or less and for others it is 30 or more.

It is known that long ago the Sun’s observed movement across the sky was used to mark the divisions of the daily cycle, while the changing phases of the Moon could be used to measure the month, known in Old English as “moonth”. Also, the year was defined by observing the heliacal rising or setting of a specific star when near the Sun, and the week had its conception in the seven heavenly bodies – the five planets including the Moon and the Sun.
It’s tempting to think, that if the Earth and Moon were perfectly aligned with the Ecliptic plane of the Sun that perhaps the female menstrual cycle would have been perfectly synchronised with the cycles of the Moon?

If so, then it’s also possible that during our hypothetical “Golden Age”, the Eclipses actually marked these menstrual cycles.
In other words, if everything was in sync, a woman would ovulate during the Eclipse associated with the Full Moon and bleed during the Eclipse associated with the New Moon.

As Godwin says, the Eclipses would have been perfect markers for Time, and if perfectly synchronised with the female menstrual cycle then fertility would have been assisted to a very high degree.

Also, and this is very important:

If the Earth was upright, everyday and throughout the year, the Sun would rise exactly on the Equinoctial point in the East and set exactly on the Equinoctial point in the West. Day and Night would be equal. There would be exactly 12 hours of day and exactly 12 hours of night. Also, there would be no seasons; all year round the Earth would enjoy temparate weather - a continual spring.

Because the Sun's position would be fixed on these two points on the Eastern and Western horizons throughout the year, the Sun could not be used to mark the different times and seasons of the year as we can use it today due to the 23.5-degree tilt of the axis.
With a vertical axis and no seasonal changes throughout the year, the Sun could only really be used to measure the hours of the day based on its positions in the sky - rising in the East at 6:00 AM; passing the zenith of the meridian directly overhead at 12:00 noon, and setting in the West at 6:00 PM.

However, the Moon would be the perfect marker for Time, as one could measure the year via the Moon's monthly cycles and the New and Full Moons and accompanying Eclipses - especially if the plane of the Moon was aligned with the Ecliptic.

So then only two cycles would be used to measure Time: The Daily Cycle measured by the Sun, and the Monthly Cycle measured by the Moon.

If so, then perhaps this is the origin of the female-related Lunar cult, which would have naturally been in attendance during this epoch as Moon worship associated with the ‘Earth Goddess’ or ‘World Mother’ - the mother of the Sun god - goes back thousands of years.
Author, Barbara Hand Clow, mentions that in a letter addressed to her, the geologist and anthropologist J.B. Delair stated that “the star groups before the deluge were not the ones familiar to us now and that the zodiac was lunar”.

Catastrophobia, Barbara Hand Clow, (Bear & Co, 2001), p. 47.

. . . Which would explain the ascendancy of the ancient feminine Lunar Cult over that of the Sun.

However, after a dramatic shift or tilt of the axis, things would be different. Throughout the year the Sun would be observed to move back and forth like a pendulum between its rising and resting Solstice points North and South of the Equinoctial line. The Sun would then take over from the Moon as the perfect marker of Time for both the day and the year, and so the ascendancy would be passed over to the Sun – hence the male-related Solar cult.

Could the perfect conditions just described, have once been a reality? 
Is this what we are being told?

Although there are many references given in classical literature as to the reality of a pre-historic vertical axis, the last question is a difficult one to answer, as there’s no real tangible evidence that can provide an answer one way or the other. However, it does seem as if a ‘collective voice’ from the past is trying to tell us that the Earth’s celestial axis was once upright and that this almost forgotten era in man’s history was the mythical L’Age d’Or (the “Golden Age”) – or as the ancient Egyptians called it – Zep Tepi  (Some say the proper phrasing is ‘Tep Zepi’) – “The First Time” or the “Time of Osiris”.
Osiris is the ancient Egyptian god of the Underworld and the ‘resurrection god’ – of whom more will be said later. Of course this referral to a “first time”, may also be in reference to the time after the tilt of the Earth’s axis if indeed it happened – and therefore the ‘resurrection’ and ‘rebirth’ of mankind.

Psychologist and Author, Chellis Glendinning writes:

‘Mythologies describing pre-agricultural times from cultures as divergent as African, Native American, and Hebraic tell of human beings at one time living in balance on the Earth. The western world claims at least five traditions that describe an earlier, better period: the Hebrew Garden of Eden, the Sumerian Dilum, the Iranian Garden of Yima, the Egyptian Zep Tepi, and the Greek Golden Age’.

My Name is Chellis and I’m in Recovery from Western Civilization, 
by Chellis Glendinning. (Shambhala, 1st edition, May 24, 1994).

The Roman poet, Ovid, gave his own poetic description of these upright conditions in Book One of Metamorphoses – a piece entitled, The Golden Age:

‘The golden age was first; when Man yet new,
No rule but uncorrupted reason knew:
And, with a native bent, did good pursue.
Unforc’d by punishment, un-aw’d by fear,
His words were simple, and his soul sincere;
Needless was written law, where none opprest:
The law of Man was written in his breast:
No suppliant crowds before the judge appear’d,
No court erected yet, nor cause was heard:
But all was safe, for conscience was their guard.
The mountain-trees in distant prospect please,
E’re yet the pine descended to the seas:
E’re sails were spread, new oceans to explore:
And happy mortals, unconcern’d for more,
Confin’d their wishes to their native shore.
No walls were yet; nor fence, nor mote, nor mound,
Nor drum was heard, nor trumpet’s angry sound:
Nor swords were forg’d; but void of care and crime,
The soft creation slept away their time.
The teeming Earth, yet guiltless of the plough,
And unprovok’d, did fruitful stores allow:
Content with food, which Nature freely bred,
On wildings and on strawberries they fed;
Cornels and bramble-berries gave the rest,
And falling acorns furnish’d out a feast.
The flow’rs unsown, in fields and meadows reign’d:
And Western winds immortal spring maintain’d.
In following years, the bearded corn ensu’d
From Earth unask’d, nor was that Earth renew’d.
From veins of vallies, milk and nectar broke;
And honey sweating through the pores of oak.

Note the fifth line from the end: “. . . immortal spring maintain’d”. This would only be true if the axis were aligned with the vertical ‘pole of the Ecliptic’. The nineteenth line: "The teeming Earth, yet guiltless of the plough," agrees with the above about man having no agricultural concerns, and again this would only have been possible under the conditions of an Earth with no tilt and no seasons.
The Theosophist Madame Blavatsky wrote that there were times when the Earth’s axis was more or less upright, and that the Earth then enjoyed an eternal spring.
If a vertical axis was once the case while man was on the planet, then at that time in man’s history its logically possible that the ‘belt area’ extending some 30 degrees both north and south of the equator, was uninhabitable as the heat from the Sun would have been constantly fixed on this region. But again, outside this 60-degree area – both north and south – we are told that the Earth would have enjoyed a continual springtime climate, and its creatures, a more harmonious existence.
Although it’s possible that these two regions were separated by the uninhabitable Equator – meaning that those living in the north were separated from those living in the south – still, these conditions would have made the Earth in these regions a virtual ‘Garden of Eden’. 
Mythical, Eden-like environs such as the Norse Asgard, the Hindu Meru and Airyana Vaejo are all said to have enjoyed a perennial springtime climate, again, indicating that the axis must have been more or less upright.
Ovid’s line “ . . . immortal spring maintain’d” would not have escaped the notice of certain people throughout history who had the intelligence to work out what it meant. It’s also possible that those who understood it belonged to the same ‘secret academy’ as perhaps did Ovid, and were the same people who had encoded information associated with this knowledge everywhere that I have now personally found it. As we will see, Ovid’s work, Metamorphoses, had indeed attracted the interest of the initiates who were behind the Rosicrucian movement and were also familiar with the knowledge and wisdom that surround the monuments of Giza.
As Frank C. Higgins says, it’s possible that originally, this advanced ancient knowledge was encoded in many temples and other sources to preserve it, which is why this knowledge is evident within the geometrical design of the Great Pyramid – a man-made mountain that could withstand the ravages of time and perhaps any future catastrophes. In many of the world’s myths, traditions and customs, we also find certain key numbers relating to the Law of Precession – a phenomenon associated with the tilt of the Earth’s axis.

However, later-on in history and with the inauguration of the Catholic Church which was hell-bent on eradicating any and all prior belief systems that threatened its power, while borrowing from them, the same group that possessed this knowledge then had to go “underground” – creating an ‘underground stream’ or ‘streams’ that would eventually lead others, who understood this knowledge, to the “sea” – the source of their Gnosis.
There were also those in the Church who also knew and understood this knowledge, but for many personal reasons, found themselves in the grip of its power, and so we find that throughout history there has been a constant struggle going on between those who feel they need to suppress this knowledge, as regards the masses, and those who choose to distribute it to the masses, but slowly and intelligently – often using the method of ‘enticement’ as a means – i.e., presenting clever codes, puzzles and conundrums. After all, everyone loves a secret or mystery that they can solve themselves, and there really was a need to resort to these methods, as the initiates who possessed this knowledge had a cruel and terrible enemy – ignorance and false power.
Such knowledge, which held true to shamanic and pagan ideals as well as providing proof that a scientifically-advanced ‘source civilisation’ or race of people known universally as the ‘Shining Ones’, had existed on Earth many thousands of years ago, would have been seen as the greatest heresy – especially when we also look at the early Creationist beliefs – beliefs originally held by the Church – that insist the Earth had been created by God less than 6,000 years ago!

“With no tilt, the equatorial regions would never know anything else but an unrelenting, scorching climate, with very low pressure, while the poles would be eternally freezing, under high pressure”. Also, “as winds move from high pressure to low pressure areas, and with such extremes of temperature, there would be hurricane-strength winds howling round the globe from the poles on a never-ceasing basis, and with no seasonal changes to mitigate these effects, life as we know it would be unbearable”.
Quote from an email I received from Carol Behan.

However despite these differences of opinion, the fact remains that there exist many textual sources telling us that the Earth and its inhabitants once enjoyed a continual springtime paradise – a fact that cannot be denied and one that has to be included in this research.

Despite what many of us believe and however we explain it away as having no reality and/or as a mere ‘flight of fancy’, I would like to know why people believed this and especially why the angle of 23.5°, as well as the vertical 0° has been deliberately referenced in many sources – especially paintings and mostly from between the 15th and 18th centuries.
Personally, I have always been cautious and careful not to go straight to a conclusion even when tempted, as most of the time we are dealing with allegory, metaphor and symbolism as well as a lot of contradictory factors. But still we are compelled to ask these questions and look at all and every possible meaning that can be derived from these sources.

I will leave the last words on the subject to Professor Joscelyn Godwin, who said this in an email addressed to me on 4th January 2010:

“I’m less concerned with whether this theory of an ancient upright axis is historically true or false than with the reactions it provokes. I don’t think we’ll ever establish the absolute truth about events in the distant past, partly for metaphysical reasons having to do with time (that I won’t go into here) and partly for psychological ones.
One type of person, when faced with a hypothesis like the vertical axis, immediately thinks of a reason it couldn’t be true, and that’s an end to it. Another type, to which we both seem to belong, entertains it as an unproven but intriguing possibility. The difference is partly in how comfortable one is about admitting one’s own ignorance.
So please keep the debate alive!”

Having been inspired by Joscelyn’s book, I am indeed dedicated to the task of keeping this particular debate alive.

In the following section (next page) we will take a brief look at some of the encoded references in various myths and written works, the compelling eyewitness accounts, the sundry evidence and related emergent theories – all of which suggest the possibility of a sudden axial tilt, and some who say the Earth was once vertically aligned with the ecliptic.

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