Copyright © Gary Osborn 2005. All Rights Reserved.

Egyptologist Stephen Mehler informs us that the word ‘pyramid’ is derived from the Greek words pyramis and pyramidos.

He says that the meaning of ‘Pyramis’ is obscure and may relate to the shape of a pyramid – but that the word ‘Pyramidos’ has been translated as “Fire In The Middle” – pyre = fire, mid = middle.
The Origin of the Word Pyramid by Stephen Mehler.

But why “Fire in the Middle?”

This is a question that has perplexed people for many years now and this is something we will be returning to in a moment.

Another interesting interpretation which still applies to the deeper meaning behind “fire in the middle”, is that ‘pyramid’ means “Light Measures”pyra meaning ‘fire’ or ‘light’, and midos meaning ‘measures’.

Ancient Egyptian information on the design of pyramids has been obtained from two mathematical papyri: the Rhind Mathematical Papyrus in the British Museum, London and the Moscow Mathematical Papyrus in the Museum of Fine Arts.

In their book Pyramid Power (1974), Max Toth and Greg Nielsen, tell us that a word also related to the Greek pyramis can be found in the former papyrus.

The word is PER-EM-US, and it translates as PER-EM – “what goes straight up” or “what comes forth” – and from whatever is signified by the syllable US.

The most ancient of all Egyptian texts and the oldest book in the world, is the Ritual of the Dead called PER-EM-HRU, ‘The Coming Forth by Day’ – a collection of hymns, prayers and magical formulae used in ceremonial rituals as a guide to heaven or the Duat (Underworld) for the followers of Osiris.

These formulas enabled one’s soul to unite with, or become ‘as one’ with Osiris the archetypal ‘resurrection god’ – the ‘redeemer’ or ‘saviour’ – therefore ensuring one’s own rebirth.
After this union the individual is identified with Osiris and/or Horus, his son and reincarnation.

“That they may also be One of us”, Jesus is reported to have said.

However, and as many researchers now believe, the messianic figure of Jesus ‘the saviour’ was again based on the slain pagan god Osiris, reborn and resurrected as Horus. So then, the syllable ‘US’ in PER-EM-US could only be a reference to Osiris.

The alternative names of Osiris are Wesir, Ausar, and more importantly, Usir, meaning “place of the eye”.

If true, then PER-EM-US translates as “what goes straight up” or “what comes forth – from Osiris”.

Through data cross-referencing, I discovered that ‘what goes straight up’ or ‘what comes forth from Osiris’ could only be the occulted 'third eye' – the ‘All-Seeing Eye’ or flying orb familiarly understood by us today as the soul.

And this ‘eye’ – the ‘spark’ or life-force energy contained in Everyman – was also the soul of the god Ra or Atum-Ra, equivalent to the Sumerian Anu, the highest ‘father god’ – the source centre of all creation.

‘ . . . In fact, the basic contention of the Papyrus of Ani is that the god who is sleeping in the soul of each person is awakened by the power, or energy, of the pyramid’.

If the Greek word ‘pyramis’ is related to the Egyptian word PER-EM-US, found in an ancient text about the measurement of pyramids, then it can only mean that the pyramid form is associated with Osiris – being the ‘House of Osiris’.

Therefore on Earth the pyramid, rather than it being a tomb for the dead, was used as a kind of resurrection machine; a means for the human soul to access heaven or the Underworld (or ‘Netherworld’ as in ‘Neterworld’) – and even while the individual was still alive, as we find in an Out of Body Experience – the pyramid acting as a kind of ‘gateway’ or ‘portal’ between worlds.

One’s soul is awakened and one becomes as a “god” – i.e., all seeing, all-knowing.

We have already looked at the central geodetic position of the Great Pyramid on the Earth – i.e., its location at the centre of the Earth’s landmasses – and the belief that it once marked the original Prime Meridian. The word ‘meridian’ contains further clues.

According to Egyptologist Mark Lehner (his own opinion based on the opinion of Egyptologist, I.E.S. Edwards before him), another name associated with the pyramids is the ancient Egyptian word MR or Mer.

The pyramid hieroglyph (mr), is cone-shaped, and is No. O24 in the Gardiner sign list.

As mentioned earlier, mer is the first syllable of the word ‘meridian’.

In German, the word dian (also in ‘meridian’) means “from the god of wine”.

Dionysius was the ‘god of wine’ or ‘god of the vine’, but so too was Osiris.

Dian is also the name of the Celtic god of medicine, Dian Cecht – the healer for the Tuatha Dé Danann, (Shining Ones) whose original home is said to be the legendary but now submerged island of Hy Brasil to the West of Ireland and which some say was part of the landmass known as Atlantis.

Dian Cecht is synonymous with the Egyptian god Thoth – whose wisdom it is said was conceptualised in the building of pyramids and who was the true architect behind the building of the Great Pyramid, so say the mystery schools.

These gods and demi-gods are universally known as ‘Shining Ones’ and so it’s interesting that from the word ‘meridian’ we derive mer – ‘Pyramid’ – and dian – ultimately related to the ancient Egyptian gods ‘Osiris’ and Thoth – the mentor of Osiris as Merlin is to King Arthur.

Again, the subjective meaning we get from this is that the original 0º Prime Meridian was marked by the Pyramid belonging to Osiris, and it is said that the name Giza means, “the place where men become gods”.

This corresponds with the meaning of the name Mer given to the pyramid:

Egyptologist Mark Lehner also states that m means ‘instrument’ or ‘place’, and er or ar means ‘ascension’ . . . ‘place of ascension’ – again where man can become a god. (See The Complete Pyramids Mark Lehner. (Thames & Hudson; First Edition. 20 Oct 1997.

In the Gardiner list, the word “ascend” is given as jar, and is hieroglyph No. O41, which looks more triangular and like a stepped pyramid.

However, Egyptologist Steven Mehler says Lehner is incorrect; that his “wisdom keeper teacher” Abd’El Hakim Awyan, states that the correct name for ‘pyramid’ is Per Neter.

Mehler goes on to say that Per-Neter translates as ‘House of Nature’ or ‘House of Energy’ and that the purpose of the “Great Per-Neter was to generate, transform or transmit energy”.
The Origin of the Word Pyramid by Stephen Mehler.

This is interesting and not as contradictory as some would assume when we look more deeply into it, because the name ‘Neter’ is associated with the nine or seven gods known as the Neteru – again, the Shining Ones – one of which was Osiris.

So again Per-Neter could mean ‘House of Osiris’ or ‘House of God’ – even ‘House of the Shining One’, as the Arabian, Ikhet, another name given to the pyramids means the “Glorious Light” or “Shining One”. (See The Great Pyramid of Giza Research Association Website).

The name ‘Ikhet’ which was given to the Great Pyramid and meaning “Glorious Light”, is also very close to the ancient Egyptian word Akhet.

The conventional view taken by Egyptologists is that the ancient Egyptian word 'Akhet' means “Horizon”.

There is no doubt that the Akhet is associated with the horizon, but there is some debate as to its specific meaning.

In the book, Hieroglyphics: The Writings of Ancient Egypt, Maria Carmela Betrò, names the Akhet hieroglyph: ‘Mountain with the Rising Sun’ – the hieroglyph being used as an ideogram for “horizon” as associated with the Sun casting its first rays of light on and over the horizon - meaning the Sun halfway on the ‘Horizon’ – being neither ‘up’ nor ‘down’ but in-between.

However, Betrò concludes that the the word 'Akhet' means, “place or point on the horizon where the Sun rises and sets” – which one could shorten to “rising and setting place”.

It would appear that Betrò is “splitting hairs” on this issue, but if the word Akhet doesn't specifically mean Horizon, then what is the ancient Egyptian word for horizon?

The glyph for Akhet is the Sun rising between two mountain peaks.


Figure 1: The Pyramid mr hieroglyph; No. O24 in the Gardiner list.


Figure 2: The "Ascend" jar hieroglyph; No. O41 in the Gardiner list.


Figure 3: The Akhet (aicht) hieroglyph, (Gardiner list No. N27), depicts the Sun (Ra Sun-disk)
rising between two mountain peaks shaped like the letter “M”.

We are also told that Akhet was a name also given to the pyramid – meaning “place of one becoming a spirit”.

The Egyptian hieroglyph Akhet, is associated with the word Akh (shining), and we find that the ancient term ‘Akh’ (Ax), is also associated with the ‘shining soul’ or spirit.

The root of the word seems to be that of the verb jAx (iakh), “to shine”, so the Akh is the “shining soul”, bright like the Sun – also associated with the stars in that it was believed that one “became an Akh” – a star.

So then, the Akhet (Horizon) was the place where "one becomes an Akh" – a “shining one” like the gods.

By all accounts, this relationship with the external Sun and the “giver of life” is in direct reference to the ‘Inner Sun’ – the light of one’s soul and one’s experience of illumination and enlightenment.

Inside and underneath the gabled entrance to the Great Pyramid is a curious relief carving made into the limestone rock.
No-one really knows what it is, but some researchers have argued that this is clearly an Akhet hieroglyph, meaning 'Horizon' - being the name or title given to the Great Pyramid.

In his book, The Ancient Egyptian Pyramid Texts, (2005), scholar, James P. Allen defines the Akhet, as the ‘Place of Becoming Akh’ (Axtj).

In his book The Complete Pyramids, (1997) p. 11, Egyptologist Mark Lehner tells us that Giza, and in particular the Great Pyramid, is the “Akhet of Khufu” or “Khufu’s Horizon” and is the “place of transformation”, again where “one becomes as an Akh” . . . a Shining One.

gablebottom sat

Figure 4: The Akhet hieroglyph inside and underneath the gable of the Entrance into the Great Pyramid of Giza.

Earlier I mentioned the conclusions arrived at by Maria Carmela Betrò, who states that the the word 'Akhet' merely means, “place or point on the horizon where the sun rises and sets” – which one could shorten to “rising and setting place”.

If correct then “Khufu's Akhet” translates as “Khufu's “rising and setting place”. And if so, then again one asks the question, what is the proper ancient Egyptian word for Horizon?

It’s interesting that the modern Egyptian word for horizon is oufou (a variant of Ufu).

According to independent researcher Sharif Al Morsey, the word oufouk in Arabic, or Arabic-Egyptian, means “horizon”.

The word ufuk in modern Turkish means “horizon”, whilst the Hebrew word ofek also means “horizon” – suggesting that the Great Pyramid is directly associated with the word ‘Horizon’ and that the name ‘Khufu’ which includes the word for ‘horizon’ and which belonged to a Pharaoh of the Old Kingdom, 4th dynasty – so the Egyptologists assert – had merely been associated with the Great Pyramid because of the similarity in name.

If the name ‘Ufu’ means ‘Horizon’ and the word ‘Akhet’ means “rising and setting place” then the name given to the Great Pyramid, would be “Horizon, rising and setting place”.

In our book The Giza Prophecy (2012) Scott Creighton and I concluded that the name of the 4th dynasty Pharaoh whom the Egyptologists say was associated with the Great Pyramid, was Raufu and not Khufu.

We also concluded that Khufu, who may indeed have been responsible for the construction of the Great Pyramid, was an unknown Pharoah or entity belonging to an earlier time.

If so, then Raufu would mean “Horizon of Ra”, or “Akhet Raufu” . . .“the rising /setting place of Ra on the horizon”, which makes sense as Ra means “Sun”.

In any case, which ever way we look at it, the word Akhet is indeed associated with the Horizon.

Akhet actually has several meanings – one being “mountain of light”.

“In Ancient Egyptian, the place where the sun rises and sets; often translated as “horizon” or “mountain of light”.
It is included in names like “Akhet Khufu” (Ancient Egyptian name for the Great Pyramid) and Akhetaten”.

Akhet Wikipedia.

‘Don Juan speaks of the ‘crack between the worlds’ as a doorway beyond which lies the abyss. To the Zulu this point beyond time and space is the ‘gate of distance’. The Upanishads say: ‘Where heaven and earth meet there is a space wide as a razor’s edge or a fly’s wing through which one may pass to another world”.’ 

Subtle Body: Essence and Shadow by David V. Tansley. Thames & Hudson, 1977. pp. 94–95.

Where Heaven and Earth meet could also be interpreted to be the horizon - the fine line on the horizon that separates both.

And if so, then we can see why the Akhet (‘horizon’) is associated with the Sun god Horus, Har-m-AKHet (“Ra as Horus in the Horizon”) or Ra-HorAKHte (“Ra as Horus of the Two Horizons”) – uniting the Eastern and Western horizons).

Horus represents the shaman who goes into trance and enters this midpoint state - i.e., Horus in the Horizon and of the Two Horizons.

This would also mean that the Great Pyramid, which is associated with the Akhet ‘horizon’, is where these two opposite horizons are also united (yoked-yoga) together as one and within the mind of the individual representing the reborn Horus who lays inside the sarcophagus (perhaps an ancient deprivation tank filled with saline solution) in the King’s Chamber of the Great Pyramid.

It is there that the shaman becomes Harmakhet – “Horus in the Horizon”).

He unites these opposites together within himself and from this union or fusion of opposites his soul is released and rises to heaven – i.e., mer (pyramid) – meaning ‘place of ascension’.

Horus is the “son of the Sun” who was also depicted between the twin lions (representing the opposites) of the god Aker, and as the sun-disk – again, the Akhet – the ‘rising sun’ or ‘son’ that rises between the Twin Mountains.

As I discovered, these twin mountains are symbolised by the esoteric use of the letter ‘M’ which represent the bent and open legs of the ‘world mother’ giving birth to the reborn ‘son of the Sun’ (inner sun), and is therefore a manifestation of the Akh – the creative source-centre and ‘Shining One’.

It was believed that the ‘world mother’ gave birth to the Sun god every morning.

However, for the Sun-disk (Akhet-Horizon) to be depicted between the two lions of Aker, and like the pyramid, which is also depicted between these two lions or sphinxes, means that this ‘rebirth’ of the Sun and therefore the Sun god (the son and reincarnation of the archetypal Sun god of the Underworld), also took place inside the Great Pyramid.

This would mean that the rebirth associated with the Kundalini enlightenment experience, triggered by one’s consciousness resting at that neutral point “horizon” between the opposites, was also initiated in the pyramid, and that the Great Pyramid was the ‘gateway’ into and out of the Underworld flanked by the “gateway guardian god” Aker – the original ancient Egyptian version of the later Etruscan/Roman god Janus, and later the Two Johns of Freemasonry.

Again, all these themes and more are discussed in more depth in the full presentation The Internal Eclipse on this website.

heaven and earth

Figure 5: The Sky Goddess Nut and the Earth God Geb illustrating the two horizons of the daily cycle.
The two points where the Sky and Earth meet and where the hands and feet of Nut and Geb are joined, signify the two horizons – the two neutral points in the cycle – the union of opposites.

‘This birch symbolises the World Tree, which stands at the Centre of the Universe, the Cosmic Axis that connects sky, earth, and underworld; the seven, nine, or twelve notches (tapty) represent the ‘heavens’, the celestial planes. It should be noted that the shaman’s ecstatic journey always takes place near the ‘Centre of the World’.

Shamanism by Mircea Eliade, trans. Willard R. Trask (New York: Bollingen Series LXXVI, 1964), pp. 190-7; translating and summarising Wilhelm Radlov, Lose Blatter aus dem Tagebuche eines reisenden Linguisteft,
two vols. in one (Leipzig, 1884), II, pp. 20-50

Well isn’t this where the Great Pyramid is located?

Again, Giza, “the place where men become gods”; and Mer, which is the name given to the pyramids and is also in the word Meridian, means “Place of Ascension”.

Simply, these connections between the encoded data we find in the myths and elsewhere are not being made and so the general public are none the wiser, and rely on the mundane explanation given to the pyramids by scholars – while at the same time these mundane explanations are undermining man’s speculations in other areas regarding his own mortality and what lies beyond death, not knowing that the answer lies in the pyramids and what they were built for.

For many, and especially those who have never experienced such things, these ‘internal experiences’ may be considered more unacceptable than “extraterrestrials” flying around in a space ship in ancient times.

However, this explanation, based on what the ancients themselves believed about these internal experiences – and one only has to read the translated Pyramid Texts – is more realistic, even if the ‘objective reality’ of the experiences – i.e., what the ancients claimed they were actually experiencing – may often be in doubt or given to subjective misinterpretation.

It is true that what they experienced was often conveyed symbolically, as is the nature of these kinds of shamanic experiences, and most of the time it is the symbolism itself which has been misinterpreted by us today – typically read by those ‘materialist minds’ who have gone that step further – to be ancient depictions of “nuts and bolt spacecraft” or “intergalactic aliens” and “extraterrestrials”.

The conclusion one arrives at from all this, is that if 1), the Akhet Horizon represents the shamanic gateway as conceptualised in the symbolic imagery complex of Aker and the Akhet, and if 2), the Great Pyramid, which has been given the epithet “Horizon, rising and setting place” and/or “Horizon of Ra”, or “Akhet Raufu” . . .“the rising /setting place of Ra on the horizon”, then this can only mean that the Great Pyramid itself is the shamanic “Gateway” between this world and the next; the Gateway into the Duat (Underworld) and the spiritual “Stargate” to Heaven (the Afterlife and the Source) – from which one ascends (“place of ascension”) to “become as an Akh”.

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