Originally written in 2003. Updated, 2007 and 2012

Copyright © Gary Osborn 2003. All Rights Reserved.

As mentioned, its true that the Thalamus, which is located at the core centre of the brain, is not recognised to be a gland – although like a gland it acts like a “valve” – in that it regulates the amount of information one is experiencing.

Again, the Thalamus filters out over 90% of the electromagnetic information around us - meaning that we only access around 10% of that information. This fact supports the notion that most of us are only are using around 10% of our brains at any one time.

According to mystics, the Thalamus is said to “open-up” or become “metaphysically active” via the synchronised interaction of the male-related pineal and the female-related pituitary.

This “opening-up” of the thalamus can result in the enlightenment experience associated with the Kundalini ‘energy phenomenon’ – in that in a very brief moment of time, one appears to experience all information at once, as often described by experiencers.

There is much supporting evidence to suggest that the thalamus at the centre of the brain is the pupil in the ‘Eye of Horus’, which is directly associated with the All-Seeing Eye, known as the ‘Eye of Ra’ – the bindu point above the head, which we will come to again later.

The ancient Egyptians considered the Eye of Horus amulet to have very powerful and magical effect on restoring harmony and balance, and really because the balance of energies in the human system and the brain is essential for the activation of the 'Third Eye'.

In ancient Egyptian myth, there are two eyes associated with Horus to signify the two sides of the brain and their associative traits.

Gardiner Sign list of hieroglyphs N water

Figure 4: The hieroglyph for "Water" and the consonant letter 'n'.

“It has been pointed out by several Egyptologists that behind the mystic cosmic falcon there stood an almost forgotten deity called by the Egyptians ‘the one who commands both eyes’.
This hidden face seemed to be the inner man, the spiritual being, who reconciled the duality of Sun and Moon.
The deity was the equivalent of the perceptive act, which welded together the two divergent streams of light which entered the two eyes, into one single perception’.”

It’s possible that this ‘single perception’ is related to the Thalamus during the shamanic trance state (hypnagogic), which can trigger and initiate the enlightenment experience.

Now moving onto the 'Eye of Horus amulet' found on the body of Tutankhamun, following logic, the design of the amulet appears to provide us with symbolic clues as to what the Eye of Horus really represented to those who understood its spiritual significance.

Eye of Horus

Figure 6: Eye of Horus amulet, from the tomb of Tutankhamun.
This amulet was among 143 amulets and pieces of jewelry found tucked in the linen layers of Tutankhamun's mummified body.
British Museum, London.

What we see in this amulet, is basically what is being symbolically presented in figure 2 in the previous presentation, with the two uraei serpents flanking the Sun disk of Ra - (see also figure 3, on this previous page, with the two Uraei positioned at the top of the two papyrus staffs [Caduceus] held by Thoth) - however, on the amulet we see the Uraeus Nekhbet portrayed as a vulture.

Both Wadjet and Nekhbet are again wearing the crowns of Upper and Lower Egypt - indicating that they represent the dual opposites.

Again, Wadjet and Nekhbet are the ancient Egyptian equivalant of the Hindu cobra serpents that symbolise the Pingala and Ida nerve channels of the physio-kundalini-chakra system.

Traditionally and as stated in the most reliable esoteric literature, the etheric Pinglala and Ida nerve channels are each connected with the Pineal and Pituitary glands in the brain.

The positive, masculine-related Pingala channel is connected to the male-related Pineal gland, and the negative, feminine-related Ida channel is connected to the female-related Pituitary gland.

Again, the Thalamus at the centre of the brain, is the Neuter - which completes this Triad of the three power centres in the brain.

All three organs are components of the Third Eye.

Evidence that the two protective Uraei, Wadjet and Nekhbet are associated with the Third Eye, is expressed in this photo of the solid gold death mask of Tutankhamun with Wadjet (serpent) and Nekhbet (vulture) both extending from the brow.

death mask sat

Figure 7: Wadjet and Nekhbet extending from the brow of the Gold Death Mask of Tutankhamun.
Egyptian Museum, Cairo, Egypt.

Its interesting that the Eye of Horus emblem is represented in the New Age literature as a figure with 6 measured parts based on the Heqat fractions, all of which are believed to correspond with the five senses – Touch, Taste, Hearing, Sight, Smell - which of course are all found together in certain areas of the brain - plus a sixth - thought.

Below is a diagram of the brain in cross-section showing the locations of the Pineal Gland, the Pituitary Gland and the central Thalamus.
Again, in esoteric literature these three form the Triad of chakra and endocrin gland-related power centres within the brain associated with the Third Eye.

Brain2 sat


Copyright © Gary Osborn 2007. All Rights Reserved.

Figure 10: The "Eye" at the centre of the brain.
Sagittal cross-section view of the brain - showing the Corpus Callosum, Fornix, Thalamus, Pineal Gland and Pituitary Gland.

It’s possible that the origin of the Eye of Horus design goes further back into the mists of time, and that aside from a handful of elite priests who jealously guarded these secrets, the everyday ancient Egyptian really did not know the deeper significance of the symbolism of the Eye of Horus and the information it contains.

I would suggest, that the design may have originated from information which had been given to the Egyptians by an advanced people. Perhaps these people – as represented by the predynastic "gods" known as the Neter or Neteru, or the Shemsu Hor, ‘Shining Ones’ and who were said to have invented Kingship – had dictated the design of these symbolic devices, and so they instructed the natives in the design of the crowns, staffs, amulets and other royal regalia, which contain archetypal imagery associated with duality and the union of opposites as related to the physio-kundalini-chakra system, as also presented to the Hindus and Chinese and openly expressed throughout India and the Far East.

Aside from any symbolical significance they might have held in regard to concepts already understood or had devised themselves, its possible that the predynastic natives had no real idea of the technical information which was contained in the designs and would one day be conveyed.

In any case, the ancient Egyptians understood the nature of duality; that all things in this world is based on the polarity of opposites, and they also understood that balance (evident in their concept of Ma'at) is always essential in maintaining a healthy body and mind and the acquisition of wisdom and knowledge.

The principle of balance is evident in this Bas-relief from the Temple of Edfu.

“Although essentially secret, magic carried immense prestige in ancient Egyptian society and its practitioners were highly respected. Most (though not all) magicians were priests connected with a temple and belonging to an orthodox hierarchy. Magicians were “establishment figures,” influential in practically every area of life – in religion, diplomacy, statecraft, war, architecture, agriculture and medicine.
“Generally speaking, it was necessary to be a magician in order to hold high office of state. The reason for this is that the purpose of all state activities was to ensure that Egyptian society was attuned to maat; that is to ensure that there was a harmonious flow of energy between the different levels of being so that what was carried out in, say, the social of the agricultural spheres was informed by, and in attunement with, benevolent spiritual forces. To be a minister of state, one had to have some relationship with, and understanding of, heka: for it was through heka that such harmonization was achieved”.
Temple of the Cosmos: The Ancient Egyptian Experience of the Sacred by Jeremy Naydler,
(Inner Traditions Bear and Company, 1996), p. 128.

1. Brain 2

Copyright © Gary Osborn 2005. All Rights Reserved.

Figure 13: The Chakra-related Power Centres within the head and neck.
The Pineal, the Pituitary and the Thalamus - which create a Triad - are each related to the Ajna Third Eye Chakra (Eye of Horus).
The opened Thalamus is directly associated with the Bindu, (centre of Seventh Chakra) Eye of Ra.

Now if the ancient Egyptians really believed that the brain was worthless, then why is it that the symbolism - especially the most ancient symbolism - conveys the very opposite?

The above diagram which shows the bindu centre (Inner Sun) above the head is supported in the following.

In ancient Egyptian art, the ‘Sun symbol’ – being the ‘Eye of Ra’ – is depicted above the head of an angel-like figure who holds the outstretched wings of the snake – the “feathered serpent” – a term that was also used by the ancient Mesoamerican civilisations.


Figure 14: An artist's rendition of the scene the “Eleventh Hour of the Duat” –one of the many wall paintings from the “Book of the Secret Room” found inside the tomb of the 18th Dynasty, New Kingdom Pharaoh, Thutmosis III, who ruled Egypt between 1504 and 1450 BC.
The tomb was discovered in the Valley of the Kings (tomb KV 34) in 1898 by Victor Loret’s workmen. See here:

The angel figure is the god Sokar about to ascend astrally to the heavens.

In this one wall painting alone, here are numerous symbolic allusions - not only to the point of balance between opposites; showing that this god - one of the NeteRU - is balanced and above and beyond all Duality associated with the nature of man's Earthly existence - but also the thalamic 'third eye' and the bindu point above the head relating to a state of non-duality effective for attaining inner knowledge and enlightenment - the Inner Sun.

The figure on the left is particularly interesting as it is obvious that this figure is conveying the same principle of balance we see in figure 12 above. This time, we see the Sun symbol between the two heads of a two-headed figure - each wearing the crowns of Upper and Lower Egypt, signifying the polar opposites.

The figure is also holding an Ankh in one hand (signifying Life) and a Was Scepter in the other (signifying Death, or Power over Death) showing that the figure is balanced at the neutral point between both.

Again the ‘Eye of Ra’ being above the head of the god Sokar (a deity from predynastic times, who was an earlier version of Osiris), reveals that like the Pole Star - the still point in the heavens towards which the Earth’s axis of rotation is pointing in the Northern sky, this centre is also positioned above the spinal axis.

Again, in Hindu tradition this point or centre is the bindu above the head.

As we can see there are the Eyes of Horus associated with the left and right sides of the brain (sagittal views) on either side of the ‘Eye of Ra’ showing us that it is related to the ‘Third Eye’ at the centre of the head.

This means that the bindu centre (Solar Eye of Ra) is reached or activated via the activation of the ‘third eye’ (Eye of Horus) – the thalamus at the centre of the brain and between the two hemispheres.

This is first activated by a kind of union taking place between the pineal and pituitary glands – the “Chemical Wedding” in alchemy.

In support of this, we see a long stalk or stem in the neck – a line of energy – reaching from the heart to the centre of the head where it ends in a loop.
It could be the ear of the individual or it could again be indicating the thalamus.

This line of energy up to the centre of the brain could also depict the sushumna central nerve channel evident in Hindu art, which lies inside and along the whole length of the spinal cord.

This illustration shows serpents, and especially we see a figure riding the serpent to the stars.

We are being told that activation of the “third eye,” allows one to leave the body and travel “astrally” through the heavens.

This is evidenced in the wings of the snake held by the standing figure of Sokar who is about to depart on this “feathered serpent” – he becoming one with the serpent energies – and therefore a Shining One “feathered serpent”.

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